Held at:

Herefordshire Record Office

Reference:

019/2/14

Source:

Survey of the Michaelchurch Court Estate [Extract of original document]

Title:

Land tenure and usage in Michaelchurch Escley [Michaelchurch Court Estate]

Place name:

Michaelchurch Escley

Date:

c.1835

Description:

Research aimed at identifying land holdings in Michaelchurch Escley belonging to the Michaelchurch Court Estate. Land tenure shown is transcribed from a survey of the Estate conducted about 1835, which contains at this time a significant part, but by no means all, of the land being farmed in Michaelchurch. Land and property in Craswall, Newton and Peterchurch, as well as various woods, mountain land and commons, are included in the Estate survey but not reported below.

 

Land tenure in Michaelchurch Escley: c.1835

 

Name of land/ tenant

Welsh

Acres[*]

English

Acres

Plan No.

Notes

Michaelchurch Court Farm: Wm. Prosser

[70]

 

 

Total 281 Acres 3 roods 2 perches[†], made up of the following:

New orchard

[ ¾ ]

3-1-0

8

few trees, decayed & very old

Green orchard

[ ½ ]

2-1-22

9

- do. -

Old orchard

[ ½ ]

1-3-34

10

arable; potatoes

Roadway

[¼]

1-0-27

64

 

Orchard behind new stables

[ ¾ ]

2-2-27

66

past orchard; part potatoes

Garden in coppice

 

0-1-12

67

garden

Piece beyond Fir Tree meadow

[ ¾ ]

3-0-28

71

arable; turnips

Road to the house

 

0-3-34

73

formerly enclosed

Fish pool

[ ¼ ]

1-2-24

75

coppice. Formerly a fish pond, but quite dry.

Mansion, Farm House, gardens etc.

[1 ¼]

5-0-29

1

 

Cae Llan

[1 ¼]

5-0-16

4

pasture

Eight acres

[1]

4-3-30

6

fallow

Long ground above road

[1 ½]

6-3-18

7

pasture

Long ground & road

[1 ¼]

5-2-38

12

pasture

Field

[1 ¼]

5-0-37

17

arable; oats

The eight acres

[1 ¼]

5-1-5

69

arable; oats & wheat

The nine acres

[1 ¼]

5-0-27

70

arable; wheat

Field

[1 ¼]

5-1-20

76

arable; wheat

Lower pasture

[2]

8-2-21

5

arable; oats

Bean field

[2 ¼]

9-2-0

13

arable; wheat & oats

Cefn pasture

[2 ¼]

9-3-30

39

pasture

- do. -

[2]

8-3-38

40

pasture; one piece with above

Coppice

[2]

8-2-20

41

wood

Caer [?Yuvin]

[2]

7-3-35

62

arable; oats

Pasture adjoining –do.-

[2]

8-3-38

65

pasture

The twelve acres

[2]

8-3-19

68

arable orchard; wheat

Fir meadow

[2]

7-2-38

72

meadow

Long meadow

[3 ¼]

13-3-17

3

meadow

Wood & nursery with larch

[3 ¾]

15-0-4

11

 

Field [formerly 3 pieces]

[3 ¼]

13-1-15

14-16

arable; fallow

Field

[3 ¼]

13-2-3

18-20

arable; clover & oats

Field

[3]

11-3-31

61

arable; oats

Larch and coppice

[3 ¼]

13-1-16

63

wood

Fish pool meadow

[3]

12-2-25

74

meadow

Meadow below house

[4]

16-2-25

2

meadow

Cae Pelin

[7]

28-0-13

60

pasture

 

 

 

 

 

Cae Vatin or Wilderness Farm: Thomas Williams

[21½]

 

 

Total 86 acres 1 rod and 5 perches, made up of the following:

Great pasture

[2]

8-3-9

105

meadow; mowed

Burn piece

[2]

8-3-15

106

meadow

Lower field

[1 ¼]

5-3-1

107

arable; barley & oats

Pasture

1 ½]

6-1-18

108

pasture

Field

[1]

4-2-22

109

arable; fallow

Field

[¼]

1-0-23

110

arable; fallow

Field

[½]

2-1-17

111

arable; fallow

Field

[2]

7-0-9

112

arable; fallow

Field

[½]

2-1-33

113

arable; fallow

Field

[¾]

3-0-28

114

pasture

Meadow near the house

[2]

7-0-2

115

meadow

Piece behind the house

[¾]

3-2-8

116

pasture

Dwelling house, barn, outbuildings, garden & c.

 

0-1-9

117

 

Arable above the house

[1]

4-3-1

118

arable; oats

Field

[1]

4-1-37

119, 120

formerly pasture & roadway; arable; oats

Piece shooting to Cefn Road

[4]

15-2-13

121

pasture; copyhold [under the Earl of Abergavenny]

 

 

 

 

 

The Firs Farm; Robert Howard

[43 ½]

 

 

Total 174 acres 1 rood 1 perch, made up of the following:

The nine acres

[3]

11-0-12

1,2

arable; part wheat, part fallow

The oat field

[1 ½]

6-1-5

3

arable; oats

Meadow

[1 ½]

6-2-19

4

meadow

Piece of pasture near the house, now in two

[3 ¼]

13-1-11

5

arable & pasture; oats

Meadow under the homestead

[1 ½]

6-0-30

6

meadow

Arable adjoining rough pasture

[ ¼ ]

1-1-14

7

arable; wheat

- do - , called Keven Cluse

[ ¾ ]

2-3-0

8

arable; spring wheat & barley

- do -

[ ¾ ]

3-0-0

9

arable; spring wheat & oats

Top piece

 

7-2-1

10

arable; oats

- do -

[1 ½]

6-2-1

11

arable; oats

Pasture and Underwood

[ ½ ]

2-0-0

12

rough pasture [wants draining]

Arable

[1]

4-2-28

13

arable; fallow & potatoes

Arable

[1]

4-3-12

14

arable; fallow

Arable

[1 ½]

5-3-34

15

arable; fallow

Pasture and Underwood

[10]

41-2-1

16

rough pasture [wants draining]

Meadow

[1]

4-1-5

17

meadow

Part meadow & part wheat

[ ¾ ]

3-0-37

18

arable & meadow

Barn & meadow

[2]

8-3-15

19

meadow

Meadow adjoining

[1]

4-2-12

20

meadow

Arable piece over the road

[1 ¾]

7-1-6

21

arable; pease & barley

Arable piece adjoining the road

[1]

4-0-4

22

arable; fallow

- do -

[1 ¼]

5-1-6

23

- do -

Wood with rough pasture

 

4-3-20

26

rough pasture

Fir pasture leading to the house

[1 ¼]

5-1-21

27

pasture

Pasture at the back of the house

[ ½ ]

2-0-25

28

pasture

Firs Farm House & old outbuildings

 

0-2-12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Bank Farm; Mrs. Sarah Prosser

[30 ¾]

 

 

Total 123 acres 0 roods 19 perches, made up of the following:

Cae [?Turpen]

[ ¾ ]

3-1-1

82

pasture

Cae Gof isha

[2]

8-1-24

83

pasture

Meadow

[ ¾ ]

3-3-1

84

meadow

Coppice wood (with some pine timber)

[1 ½]

6-0-13

85

wood

Pasture

[2 ½]

10-0-0

86

pasture

Three pieces of pasture now in one

[4 ½]

17-3-19

87, 88, 90

pasture

Formerly pasture

[1 ½]

6-0-2

89

arable; ploughed, sown wheat

Plantation in old roadway

 

0-1-22

91

pasture

Part meadow

[ ¾ ]

3-2-0

92

meadow

Worlod [?Beudwr]

[1 ½]

6-2-34

93

arable

Fallow

[3 ¼]

13-0-14

94, 95

arable; fallow

arable

[1 ½]

6-1-21

96, 97

arable; potatoes, oats & fallow

Piece above the house

[1 ½]

6-0-22

98, 99

arable; turnips & barley

Homestead

[ ¼ ]

1-0-26

100

 

Meadow below the house

[2 ¼]

9-2-37

101

meadow

Spring meadow

[1 ½]

6-0-26

102

meadow

Coppice wood

[2]

8-1-24

103

wood

Long pasture

[1 ½]

6-0-13

104

pasture

 

 

 

 

 

Gworlod Vain farm: James Phillips, occupier

[14]

 

 

Total 55 acres 1 rood 1perch, made up as follows:

Upper piece

[1 ½]

6-1-34

122, 123

arable; wheat (in one)

Piece above pasture

[1]

3-3-25

124

arable; oats

Rough pasture

[ ¾ ]

3-1-15

125

pasture

Dwelling house & outbuildings

[ ½ ]

2-0-26

126

 

Piece adjoining house

[¼]

0-3-20

127

arable; oats

Oat piece

[1 ½]

5-3-9

128

arable; oats, formerly pasture

Rough pasture

[¼]

1-0-11

129

Rough pasture

- do -

[¼]

1-2-5

130

- do -

Fallow

[1 ¾]

6-3-7

131 & 134

arable; fallow

Meadow

[2]

8-3-15

132

meadow

Meadow adjoining – do -

[1]

3-3-4

133

meadow

Pasture

[1]

3-2-23

135

pasture

- do -

[ ¾ ]

3-0-27

136

- do -

- do -

[1]

3-2-30

137

- do -

 

 

 

 

 

Rhyd-y-Bach farm: Thos. Williams, tenant

[5 ¼]

 

 

Total 21 acres 1 rood 38 perches, made up of the following:

Arable piece

[1]

3-2-10

1

arable; wheat

Pasture adjoining – do -

[¼]

1-2-35

2

pasture

Meadow – do -

[ ¾ ]

3-1-12

3

meadow

Wheat

[ ½ ]

2-0-8

4

arable; wheat

Meadow

[1]

3-3-13

5

meadow

Barn meadow

[1]

4-3-0

6

meadow

House, outbuildings & fold

[ ½ ]

2-1-0

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michaelchurch Mill, Mill House and land; Thomas Gwillim, tenant

[3]

 

 

Total 11 acres 3 roods 18 perches, made up of the following:

Little orchard near to mill

[¼]

1-1-1

79

pasture, orchard

House, garden, Mill, Mill stream & Blacksmith’s shop

 

0-2-17

80

Blacksmith shop adjoining to and occupied with the mill not used as a smithy

Upper piece

[ ¾ ]

2-3-38

77

pasture

Piece between mill stream and brook

[ ¾ ]

2-3-35

78

pasture

Mill meadow

[ ¾ ]

2-3-34

81

meadow

Meadow called on plan Maddy’s Cottage

[¼]

1-0-13

 

meadow; there was formerly a cottage on this piece, but it is down

 

 

 

 

 

Cottage, garden and meadow; William Williams, tenant

 

 

 

Total 1 acre 2 roods 12 perches, made up of the following:

Cottage, garden and fold

 

0-1-35

24

 

Meadow

[¼]

1-0-17

25

meadow

 

 

 

 

 

A piece of meadow land adjoining the road to Longtown: Joanna Johnson, tenant

[¼]

1-0-0

80

meadow

An arable piece of land in the occupation of James Watkins or his tenants

[ ½ ]

2-0-0

B

arable; clover

A piece of land in the occupation of Thomas Williams

[ ¾ ]

3-0-0

C

pasture

 

Observations:

The total of all farmed land in the Michaelchurch Court Estate in this 1835 survey is given as 1240 acres 1 rood and 10 perches.



Notes:

 

[*] Statute acres have been converted to Welsh acres for comparison to earlier surveys, assuming one Welsh acre is equivalent to four statute acres as defined in the 1566 survey of the Rentals of Ewyas Lacy.

 

[†] In old measurements of area, 40 [square] perches make 1 rood, and 4 roods [160 square perches] make one [English or Statute] acre. A perch [also called a Rod] is a unit of length equivalent to 16.5 feet.


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