Title:

 Llanthony Priory in the Vale of Ewyas: The Landscape Impact of a Medieval Priory in the Welsh Marches: APPENDICES

Date:

 2007
 

[Return to Main Dissertation]


Bibliography

 

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Figure 140: Watercolours of Llanthony Priory, JMW Turner, 1792-1794 (from www.tate.org.uk )

 

 


 

List of maps and plans used for reference

 

Maps

 

 

Bartholomew, undated, Half inch, Sheet 23: Hereford

 

 

Bowen, E, 1769 An accurate map of the Counties of Gloucester and Monmouth (right)

 

Dudley Stamp 1930 map of land-use

(Digimap) (below)

 

 

Ordnance Survey, 1832 one inch, ‘Old Series’: The Black Mountains (Cassini Historical Maps, Map 161)

 

Ordnance Survey, 1919 one inch, ‘Popular edition’, Sheet 91: Abergavenny and District (below)

 

Ordnance Survey, 1950 1:625,000 Map of Monastic Britain: South Sheet

 

 

Ordnance Survey, 2005 1:25,000 ‘Explorer’ OL13: Brecon Beacons National Park – Eastern area

 

Ordnance Survey - modern and historic digital map extracts downloaded from Athena Digimap www.edina.ac.uk/digimap/

 

Rees, W 1933 Half inch South Wales and the Border in the 14th century

 

Saxton, C 1637 Map of Monmouthshire

 

 

 

 

Tithe maps and apportionments

 

Gwatkin, G 1998 Six inch parish map reproduction (from 1839 tithe map) Parish of Llansillo (Herefordshire)

 

Gwatkin, G 1998 Six inch parish map reproduction (from 1839 tithe map) Parish of Rowlestone (Herefordshire)

 

Gwatkin, G 1998 Six inch parish map reproduction (from 1842 tithe map) Parish of Walterstone (Herefordshire)

 

Gwatkin, G 1998 Six inch parish map reproduction (from 1840 tithe map) Township of Llanveynoe (Parish of Clodock, Herefordshire)

 

Gwatkin, G 1998 Six inch parish map reproduction (from 1840 tithe map) Township of Longtown (parish of Clodock, Herefordshire)

 

Copy No. 2 Map of the parish of Cwmyoy in the County of Monmouth by W. H. Apperly, surveyor, Hereford. 1852

 

Map of the hamlet of Bwlch Trewyn situated in the Parish of Cwmyoy and County of Hereford by Robert Gabb, land agent and surveyor, Abergavenny. 1844

 

Map of the hamlet of Foothog (or Fwddog) situated in the parish of Cwmyoy, County of Hereford by Robt Gabb, landagent &c., Abergavenny. 1843

 

Map of the parish of Llanigon in the County of Brecon by William Jones, landsurveyor, Belle Vue Place, Brecon. 1845

 

No. 1 Plan of the parish of Llanvihangel Crucorney in the County of Monmouth. 1848

 

Plan of the parish of Oldcastle in the County of Monmouth compiled by William Jones, Brecon. 1839

 

Plans

 

Moore , E Survey of Upper and Lower Trewin in the Parish of Cwmyoy in the County of Herefordshire 1726





Appendix 2: Ordnance Survey Old Series one-inch map of the study area (1832)

 

Northern section

 

 

 

 

 

Southern section

 

 

 

 

 


 

Appendix 3: Plan of Llanthony Priory precinct and enclosure

(After Evans, 1984; Fancourt, undated)

 

 

 

 

 



Appendix 5: List of settlement and landscape feature names in the study area

 

(From Bartholemew, Ordnance Survey and Tithe Maps for the study area. Meanings from Bradney, 1907; Coxe, 1801; Copplestone-Crow, 1989; Davies, 1967; Davies, undated; Gelling, 2000; Knight, undated; Lewis, 1849; Lewis, 1960; Mee, 1951; Owen, 1998; Wade, 1909)

Name (and alternative recorded names)

OS grid reference

Meaning (Mod E = Modern English, OE = Old English, W = Welsh)

Feature Type

Theme

HER entry (GGAT)

HER entry (CPAT)

Afon Honddu

 

Quiet black river or stream (W)

River

Description

 

 

Allt-yr-ynys

SO336234

Wood or steep ascent on the rising ground (W)

Large house

Topography

 

 

Bal-bach

SO274266

Little summit (W)

Hilltop

Topography

 

 

Bal-Mawr

SO267271

Great summit (W)

Hilltop

Topography

 

 

Birches (The) (Fedw)

SO316217

Birches (Mod E) (Birch trees W)

House

Vegetation

 

 

Black Lion Inn (Cwmyoy)

SO299234

Black Lion Inn (Mod E)

Inn

Function

 

 

Blacksmiths Anvil

SO250302

Blacksmiths anvil (Mod E)

Stone

Description

 

 

Blaenau

SO257315

Head of the valley of the yoke (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

35829 35830 35831 35833

Blaen-bwch

SO238328

Head of valley pass (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

35800

Blaenyoy (Fach or Old)

SO307245

Little head of the valley of the yoke (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Blaen-yoy-fawr

SO307245

Great head of the valley of the yoke (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Boxbush (Upper House)

SO246316

Box bush (Mod E)

House

Vegetation

 

 

Boxtree Cottage

SO313234

Box tree (Mod E)

House

Vegetation

 

 

Bracheu (Brychen)

SO256325

Spotted, mottled ? (W)

Farmstead

?

 

 

Broadley

SO283285

Broad clearing (OE)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Bryn Arw

SO3020

Upon the hill (W)

Hill

Topography

 

 

Bryn Arw

SO313217

Upon the hill (W)

Settlement (modern)

Topography

 

 

Bryn-Arw Farm

SO306206

Farm upon the hill (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Brynhonndu

SO326224

Honddu (river) hill (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Bugle (=Bugail) Bridge

SO290273

Shepherd's bridge (W)

Bridge

Function

 

 

Bwlch Bach

SO263286

Little pass (W)

Ridge

Topography

 

 

Bwlch Isaf

SO267277

Lower pass (W)

Ridge

Topography

 

 

Bwlch Trewyn 

SO327225

Pass of the home of Wyn (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Bwlch-yr-Efengyl (y-fingel)

SO237350

The Gospel  (or angel Michael) Pass (W)

Mountain pass

Religious

 

 

Cae Brink (= Bryncyn)

?

Hillock field (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Cae'r-dringol

?

Field or enclosure on the climb (W)

Farmstead

Land-use/ Topography

 

 

Cae-waun

SO273294

Meadow field or enclosure (W)

Farmstead

Land-use

 

 

Capel-y-Ffin

SO255315

The chapel of the boundary (W)

Hamlet

Religious/ Administrative

 

3131 20861 35819 65000

Capel-y-Ffin, St Marys Church

SO255315

The chapel of the boundary (W)

Chapel

Religious/ Administrative

 

15876 15878 32446 35820

Carnau

SO244323

Cairn (W)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

 

 

Castel fferwynt (The castle)

SO250328

Chilly ? wind castle (W)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

 

5806

Castle (The)

SO317236

Castle (Mod E)

Ruined farmstead/ enclosure

Man-made feature

 

 

Chapel Farm

SO255315

Chapel farm (Mod E)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

 

 

Chwarel y fan Quarry

SO258294

Quarry of the peak (W)

Quarry

Man-made feature

 

 

Clydd or Clyth, Lower = Clwyd?

SO323236

Rocky stream? (gate to mountain)? (W)

Farmstead

Topography/ Location

 

 

Clydd or Clyth, Upper =Clwyd?

SO320236

Rocky stream? (gate to mountain)? (W)

Farmstead

Topography/ Location

 

 

Cnapiau

SO239349

Lump (yoke knob) (W)

Hill side

Topography

 

35805

Coed Cwn-iou

SO3022

Cwmyoy wood (W)

Wood

Ownership

06063g

 

Coed Farm (Ty'n-y-coed)

SO298226

Wood farm (house in the wood) (W)

Farmstead

Location

 

 

Coed Graig-ddu

SO2926

Black rocks wood (W)

Wood

Topography

 

21847 21873 21875

Coed Pen-y-clawdd

SO3020

End of the bank (dyke wood) (W)

Wood

Topography

 

 

Coed Robin

SO2823

Robin’s (pers. name?) wood (W/ Mod E)

Wood

Personal name

06065g

21845

Coed Ty Canol

SO2824

Middle house wood (W)

Wood

Man-made feature

 

 

Coed Tyle

SO2922

Hillside wood (W)

Wood

Topography

 

 

Coed y Cerrig

SO298217

Wood of the stones (W)

Wood

Topography

 

 

Court Farm (The Court)

SO288278

(Priory) court farm (Mod E)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

01603g

 

Craig View

SO301227

Rock view (W/ Mod E)

House (modern)

Topography

 

 

Cwm Brychen

SO2532

Spotted, mottled ? Valley (W)

Valley

Description

 

22251 35828

Cwm Coed Cerrig

SO3021

Valley of the wood of the stones (W)

Valley

Topography/ Vegetation

 

 

Cwm Coed-y-cerig

SO299214

Valley of the wood of the stones (W)

Farmstead

Topography/ Vegetation

 

 

Cwm Iau

SO3023

Valley of the yoke (W)

Valley

Topography

 

 

Cwm Siarpal (Sharpole, Sharpwell) = Siarl-bal?

SO291288

Chariot hall? (W) Steep? (OE) Spade? (W) Summit? (W) valley (W)

Valley

?

 

 

Cwm-bwchel (buchiel) =Bugail or Bwlch

SO283274

Valley of the shepherd or herdsman (of the pass) (W)

Farmstead

Topography/ Personal

01745g

 

Cwm-bwchel (buchiel) =Bugail or Bwlch

SO2827

Valley of the shepherd or herdsman (of the pass) (W)

Valley

Topography/ Personal

 

 

Cwmyoy (= Cwm-iau)

SO298234

Valley of the yoke (W)

Hamlet

Topography

 

 

Cwmyoy Farm (The Farm)

SO299232

Valley of the yoke (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Cwmyoy, St Martin's Church

SO298234

Valley of the yoke (W), St Martins church (ME)

Church

Religious

01632g 01715g 08157g 01714g

 

Cwraurwaun

SO311252

Quarry on the moorland (W)

Quarry

Function/ Topography

 

 

Cyttre (Cydor, Cuttrey) = Cut+tre

SO273296

Cottage homestead (W)

Farmstead

Function

 

 

Dan-y-bwlch

SO318224

Under the pass (W)

Farmstead

Topography

01608g

 

Daren Fawr

SO294239

Great rocky hillside (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Daren-ganol

SO293243

Back with (?) rocky hillside (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Daren-isaf

SO297239

Lower rocky hillside (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Daren-uchaf

SO293244

Highest rocky hillside (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Darren

SO2924

Rocky hillside (W)

Crags

Topography

 

 

Darren Lwyd

SO239334

Grey or brown rocky hillside

Hillside

Topography

 

9414 35535 35537

Deri-duon (=Derw-duo?)

SO279294

Black oaks (?) (W)

Farmstead

Vegetation

 

 

Dial Garreg

SO283240

Revenge stone (W)

Stone cross

Man-made feature

 

 

Dinas Arthur

?

Arthur's fortress (W)

Farmstead

Personal name/ Man-made feature

 

 

Dol Alice (Dolau)

SO277288

Alice 's (personal name) meadow(s) or dale  (W)

Farmstead

Personal name/ Land-use

 

 

Dol-Gilbert

SO275286

Gilbert's (personal name) meadow(s) or dale (W)

Farmstead

Personal name

 

 

Erw-serth

?

Steep acre (W)

Cottage

Topography

 

 

Ewyas, Vale of

 

Sheep district (W)

Valley

Land-use

 

 

Farms Mill

SO300228

Farms mill (Mod E)

Mill

Function

 

 

Ffynnon y Parc

SO239358

Spring or well of the park (W)

Ridge

Topography

 

 

Footway

SO304268

Footpath (Mod E)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

 

 

Gaer Farm (Ty'r-gaer)

SO298219

Fort farm (house on the fort) (W)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

 

 

Garn Farm (Garn-fawr, The Garn)

SO270304

Great cairn farm (W)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

 

 

Garn Wen

SO281256

White cairn (W)

Hilltop

Man-made feature

 

 

Glandwr (Landwr)

SO328257

Bank of the water (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Graig Ddu

SO288265

Black rocks (W)

Crag

Topography

 

 

Graig Ddu (Creigiau-duon)

SO292266

Black rocks (black yoke rocks) (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Graig Ddu Fawr

SO293262

Great black rocks (W)

Woodland

Topography

 

21512 21513

Grange, The (Tyawyn, Tygwyn)

SO250314

The grange (Mod E) (white house) (W)

Farmstead

Description

 

 

Groes-lwyd (Croes)

SO323224

Grey or brown cross (may mean holy?) (W)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

 

 

Grove

SO289287

Grove (Mod E)

Wood

Vegetation

 

 

Guewaral (=Gwarallt?)

SO251321

Nape of hillside or wood (W)

House

Topography

 

 

Gunter's Farm

SO282278

Gunter's (personal name?) farm

Farmstead

Personal name

 

 

Gwaun-lluarn = lleian

?

Nun's meadow (W)

Farmstead

Religious

 

 

Half Moon Hotel

SO286279

Half moon hotel (Mod E)

Inn

Function

 

 

Hatterrall Hill (Hatyrel, Hatterras, Fynydd y Gadair)

 

Mountain of ? on the ? (W)

Hill

Topography ?

 

 

Hendy

?

The old house (W)

Farmstead

Description

 

 

Henllan, Lower (Isaf)

SO294256

Lower old enclosure, church or sacred place(W)

Farmstead

Religious

 

 

Henllan, Uchai

SO292259

Upper old enclosure, church or sacred place (W)

Farmstead

Religious

 

 

Henllan, Upper (Ganol = Canol)

SO291258

Middle old enclosure, church or sacred place (W)

Farmstead

Religious

 

 

Hoel-y-parc

SO284284

Road on or of the park or field (W)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

 

 

Hwlwm (Yr heol-lwm)

SO294247

The bare road (W)

Wood

Description

 

 

Llanerch

SO246346

Glade (W)

Farmstead

Vegetation

 

 

Llanthony (Llanddewi Nant Honddu)

SO287276

The church of St David on the Honddu brook (W)

Hamlet

Religious/ Topography

 

 

Llanthony (Llanddewi Nant Honddu) Priory

SO288278

The church of St David on the Honddu brook (W)

Priory

Religious/ Topography

01731g 01732g 01720g 01721g 01735g 01740g

 

Llanthony Slade

 

The church of St David on the Honddu brook (W), marshy valley (OE)

Manorial estate

Religious/ Topography

 

 

Llanthony, St Davids Church

SO

The church of St David on the Honddu brook (W)

Church

Religious/ Topography

01737g 08211g

 

Llanthony Wood

SO2922

The church of St David on the Honddu brook wood (W)

Wood

Ownership

 

 

Llanfihangel Court

SO3220

Church of Michael the archangel, hill or knoll  corner (W) court (Mod E)

Large house

Religious/ Topography

01619g

 

Llanvihangel Crucorney (Crugorney = Crug cornal, Michaelston)

SO3220

Church of Michael the archangel, hill or knoll  corner (W) (Michael town (OE))

Village

Religious/ Topography

 

 

Llanvihangel Crucorney, St Michaels Church

SO3220

Church of Michael the archangel, hill or knoll  corner (W)

Church

Religious/ Topography

08183g 02244g+F26

 

Llech y Lladron

SO251360

Slate or broad stone of the thief (W)

Ridge

Personal

 

 

Llwygy (Llwygu), Great

SO321216

Fatiguing (ie in a remote spot) (W)

Farmstead

Location

 

 

Llwygy (Pen Llwygu), Little 

SO317222

Fatiguing (ie in a remote spot) (W)

Farmstead

Location

 

 

Llwyn-Badam (Pen-y-weirlod)

SO273288

Birch (?) grove (end of the meadow) (W)

Farmstead

Vegetation/ Location

 

 

Llwyncelyn

SO309218

Holly bush or grove (W)

Farmstead

Vegetation

01613g

 

Llwyn-on

SO279289

Ash grove (W)

Farmstead

Vegetation

 

 

Llygad-yw

?

The eye of the (stream called the) yew (W)

Farmstead

Topography/ Vegetation

 

 

Loxidge (Llociau) = Llocesau

SO285286

Shelter or refuge (W)

Farmstead

Function

 

 

Loxidge (Loxy) Tump = Llocesau

SO286289

Shelter or refuge (W)

Hillside

Function

 

 

Loxidge wood = Llocesau

SO286285

Shelter or refuge (W)

Wood

Function

 

 

Maerdy

SO247334

Grange or house of steward (W)

Farmstead

Function

 

9411 9415

Maes-y-ffin (Felin)

SO259308

Meadow, field or ploughland of the border (or mill) (W)

Farmstead

Land-use/ Location

 

9412

Meas-y-Beran (Berrin)

SO299266

Meadow, field or ploughland (W) of the pear? (OE?)

Farmstead

Land-use

 

 

Melin

SO287276

Mill (W)

Mill

Function

 

 

Monastery (The)

SO252314

The monastery (Mod E)

Religious house

Function

 

 

Nant Bwch

SO238323

Buck stream (W)

Stream

Fauna

 

5132 8922 9533 9558 80993

Nant Ganol

SO228334

Middle stream (W)

Stream

Location

 

5397 80991 80992

Nant Hywel

SO251337

Bold? well stream (W)

Stream

Man-made feature

 

3132 9517

Nant Isaf

SO232328

Lower stream (W)

Stream

Location

 

 

Nant Uchaf

SO223335

Highest stream (W)

Stream

Location

 

 

Nant Vision = Ffyshant

SO267313

Border stream ? stream (W)

Stream

Topography/ Administrative

 

 

Nant y Ffin

SO262313

Stream of the border (W)

Stream

Administrative

 

 

Nant-y-carnau

SO274286

Stream of the cairn (W)

Stream

Topography

 

 

Nant-y-carnau (Nant-y-carn)

SO273285

Stream of the cairn (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Nantygwyddel (Nant-y-gwisel)

SO277282

The Irishman's stream (W)

Farmstead

Topography/ Personal

 

 

Nantymair (Lower house)

SO326243

Stream of St Mary (W)

Farmstead

Religious

 

 

Nant-yr-Annell

SO249343

Stream of the ? (W)

Stream

?

 

 

Nef

?

Heaven (W)

Farmstead

Religious

 

 

Neuadd

SO295233

Hall or mansion (W)

Farmstead

Function

 

 

Neuaddllwyd (Noyaddllwyd)

SO283252

Grey hall (W)

Farmstead

Function

 

 

Old Post Office

SO328253

Old post office (Mod E)

House

Function

 

 

Oldcastle (Hen-Gastell)

SO325245

Old castle (W)

Fortified settlement

Man-made feature

 

 

Oldcastle Court (The Court)

SO325245

Old castle court (W/ Mod E)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

01603g

 

Oldcastle, St John the Baptist Church

SO325245

Old castle (W/ Mod E), St John the Baptist church

Church

Religious

01604g 01605g 08234g

 

Pandy

SO3322

Fulling mill (W)

Village

Function

 

 

Parc Bach

SO245346

Little park or field (W)

Area of fields

Land-use

 

35807 35813 35814

Parc bach

SO244346

Little park or field (W)

Farmstead

Land-use

 

9407

Penbeili Glas (Pen-y-beili glas)

SO274293

The top of the bailifs green (green court) (W)

Farmstead

Land-use/ Location/ Ownership

 

 

Pen-castell

SO275280

Castle end (W)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

 

 

Penheol-y-castell

?

End of the castle wood (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Penllinau (Pen-lan)

SO280297

Top or end of pool ? (top of bank) (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Pen-rhiw

SO303222

Side of the hill (W)

House

Topography

 

 

Pentre, The (Pentre-bach)

SO297234

End of village (lowland settlement, little village) (W)

Hamlet

Man-made feature

 

 

Pentwyn Camp

 

End of top of the hill (W), camp (fort) (Mod E)

Hillfort

Topography

01607g

 

Pentwyn, Lower

SO319228

End of top of the hill (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Pentwyn, Upper

SO317233

End of top of the hill (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Pen-y-beacon

SO244366

Top of the beacon (W)

Hill

Topography

 

 

Pen-y-Bont

SO325208

End of the bridge (W)

Hamlet

Location/ Man-made feature

 

 

Pen-y-celli (gelli)

SO275328

End or top of the wood or grove (W)

Farmstead

Location/ Vegetation

 

 

Penyclawdd Castle

SO310201

End or top of the bank, moat or dyke (W)

Manor house earthwork

man-made feature

01622g

 

Penyclawdd Court

SO310201

End or top of the bank, moat or dyke (W)

Farmstead

man-made feature

01621g

 

Pen-y-ffordd

SO296227

End or top of the way (W)

Farmstead

man-made feature

 

 

Pen-y-maes

SO252318

End of field or meadow (W)

Farmstead

Location/ Land-use

 

 

Pen-y-pistyll

?

End of the water spout (W)

 

Topography

 

 

Pen-yr-heol

SO296227

End or top of the road (W)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

 

 

Pen-y-rhiw

?

The end of the lane (W)

Farmstead

man-made feature

 

 

Penywern

SO302234

End of the swampy land or alders (W)

Farmstead

Topography/ Vegetation

 

 

Penyworlod Farm (Penywierlod, Penywyrlod)

SO265303

End of the meadow (W)

Farmstead

Location/ Land-use

 

 

Penywyrlod (Penywierlod)

SO318252

End of the meadow (W)

Farmstead

Location/ Land-use

 

 

Perthi-crwn (Perth-y-con)

SO308231

Round hedges or fence (fence of the peak) (W)

Farmstead

man-made feature

 

 

Pont Rhys Powell

SO313222

Bridge of Rhys Powell (W)

Bridge

Function/ Personal name

 

 

Pont-Rhys-Powell

SO312225

Bridge of Rhys Powell (W)

Farmstead

Man-made feature/ Personal name

 

 

Queens Head Inn (Fox and Hounds)

SO312211

Queens Head Inn (Mod E)

Inn

Function

 

 

Redcastle (Rubro Castro)

?

Red castle (Mod E or Latin)

Manor and church

Man-made feature

 

 

Rhiw-y-fan

SO221341

Slope of the peak (W)

Hillside

Topography

 

5776-5785

Rhyd

SO289243

Ford (W)

House

Man-made feature

 

 

Rhyd (yr Honddu, ynow, Rhyd-rwnw, Rhwnw = Grono)

SO289243

Ford of the Honddu (of the pear trees, Gronow's ford) (W)

Bridge and ford

Function/ Personal name/ Vegetation

01717g

 

Roadside Cottage

SO306232

Roadside (Mod E)

House

man-made feature

 

 

Rock (The)

SO288232

Rock (Mod E)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Siarpal (Sharpole, Sharpwell = Siarl-bal?)

SO291286

Chariot hall? (W) Steep? well (Mod E) Spade? (W) Summit? (W)

House

?

 

 

Skirrid Mountain Inn

SO326206

Holy mountain (W)

Inn

Topography

 

 

Slotog (Silotog)

?

Productive, abounding in seedlings (W)

Farmstead

Vegetation

 

 

Smithy

SO288277

Smithy (Mod E)

Blacksmiths

Function

 

 

Stanton (Lower)

SO315209

Farmstead on stony ground (Old E)

Farmstead

Topography/ Personal name?

 

 

Stanton (Stauntone)

SO3121

Farmstead on stony ground (Old E)

Manor

Topography/ Personal name?

 

 

Stanton Chapel

SO312214

Farmstead on stony ground (Old E)

Chapel

Topography/ Personal name?

01615g

 

Stanton Farm (Little)

SO306213

Farmstead on stony ground (Old E)

Farmstead

Topography/ Personal name?

 

 

Stanton Manor Farm (Upper Stanton)

SO312214

Farmstead on stony ground (Old E)

Farmstead

Topography/ Personal name?

01614g

 

Strawberry Cottage

SO314215

Strawberry (Mod E)

House

Vegetation

 

 

Sunnybank (Gwaen Lydan)

SO289269

Sunny bank (Mod E) (broad meadow (W))

House

Topography

 

 

Sychdre Isaf

SO273291

Lower dry homestead (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Sychtre (Sychdre-usaf)

SO273291

Dry homestead, upper (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Tafolog (Trevelog)

SO278297

Place of dock leaves (W)

Farmstead

Vegetation

 

 

Tafolog bridge

SO276294

Place of dock leaves bridge (W)

Bridge

Vegetation

 

 

Talsarn (Tal-y-sarn)

SO244319

End or side of the causeway (W)

Farmstead

man-made feature

 

35699 35859

Tarren yr Esgob

SO238314

Rock of the bishop (W)

Crag

Religious

 

5398

Three Wells

SO317234

Three wells (Mod E)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

 

 

Tir-serth

?

The steep land, generally arable (W)

Farmstead

Topography/ Land-use

 

 

Trawellwyd

SO322224

Grey or brown cross (may mean holy?) (cross-road) (W)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

 

 

Treveddw or Trefedw

SO328218

Hamlet of the birch trees (W)

Farmstead

Vegetation

01616g

 

Tre-wyn

SO329228

Hamlet of Wyn (W)

Large house/ hamlet

Personal name

01609g 03180g 01610g

 

Trewyn Farm (Little Trewyn)

SO327227

hamlet of Wyn farm (W)

Farmstead

Personal name

03180g

 

Trewyn Lodge

SO333228

hamlet of Wyn lodge (W)

House

Personal name

 

 

Trewyn Mill

SO335234

hamlet of Wyn mill (W)

Mill

Personal name

04048g

 

Trewyn, St Martins Chapel

SO333222

Hamlet of Wyn (W), St Martins Chapel

Chapel earthwork

Personal name/ Religious

01632g

 

Troed-Rhiw-Mon (Maen or Mwat)

SO286274

Foot of steep road to the mound or peat track (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Troed-y-rhiw-gou (goy)

SO286243

Foot of the hollow steep road (W) 

Farmstead

Topography/ Vegetation

2249g

 

Troed-y-rhiw-groes

SO270290

Foot of the steep road of the cross or cross-roads (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Troed-y-rhiw-wen (hen)

SO302258

Foot of the fair (old) steep road (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Trwyn-tal

SO253323

Snout or nose side (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Twampa (Lord Hereford's Knob)

SO226350

Mound (W)

Hill

Topography

 

 

Twyn Llech (Trwyn)

SO247357

Slate (broad stone knoll)

Hill side

Topography

 

35810 35811 35812

Twyn Talycefn

SO222325

Knoll at the end of the ridge (or snout or nose) (W)

Hill

Topography

 

 

Twyn-y-Gaer

SO294219

Fort on the knoll (W)

Fortification

Topography

 

 

Ty Canol

SO308236

Middle house (W)

Farmstead

Location

 

 

Ty isan (Ty isaf)

SO266306

Lower house (W)

House

Location

 

 

Ty Mawr

?

Great house (W)

Farmstead

Description

 

 

Ty-bach

SO296243

Little house (W)

Farmstead

Description

 

 

Ty-bach

SO268302

Little house (W)

House

Description

 

 

Ty-bach (Neuddit)

SO253329

Little house (or hall or mansion ?) (W)

Farmstead

Description

 

 

Ty-canol

SO323245

Middle house (W)

Farmstead

Location

 

 

Ty-canol

SO259307

Middle house (W)

Farmstead

Location

 

 

Ty-canol

SO283246

Middle house (W)

Farmstead

Location

 

 

Ty-Charles

SO304237

Charles house (W)

Farmstead

Personal name

 

 

Ty-cwm (or Nef)

SO273285

Valley house (heaven) (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Ty-ddraenen

SO289243

Thorn house (ford) (W)

Barn (farmstead)

Vegetation

 

 

Tydoli

SO333226

Meadow? House (W)

Farmstead

Land-use

 

 

Ty-draw

?

Yonder house (W)

Farmstead

Location

 

 

Ty-hwnt

SO275300

House beyond or aside (far house) (W)

Farmstead

Location

 

 

Ty-Hwnt-y-Bwlch

SO303239

Far house on the pass (W)

Farmstead

Topography

01283g

 

Ty-isaf

SO298275

Lower house (W)

Farmstead

Location

 

 

Tyle (Tylau)

SO293228

Steep ascent or hillside (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Tyle-ffarding Wood

SO287257

Hillside road? wood (W)

Wood

Topography/ Man-made feature

 

21842

Ty'n-y-coed

?

Small farm or cottage in the wood (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Ty'n-y-drain

SO246338

Small farm or cottage of the thorns (W)

Farmstead

Vegetation

 

9416 22250

Tyn-yr-ynn (y-rhyn)

SO246353

Small farm or cottage of the mountain (ash trees) (W)

 

Vegetation

 

9409 35806

Ty'n-y-wern

SO279299

Small farm or cottage of the watery meadow (W)

Farmstead

Topography

 

 

Ty'r-onen (Tir-onen)

SO261311

Ash trees land (W)

Farmstead

Vegetation

 

 

Ty'r-ywen (Tir-ywen)

SO273303

Yew trees land (pleasant land?) (W) 

Farmstead

Vegetation/ Location

 

 

Ty-Shores (Tir-siocs)

SO261312

? House (? Land) (W)

Farmstead

?

 

36002 35834

Ty-uchaf

?

Upper house (W)

Farmstead

Location

 

 

The Vision Farm (Vishan, y Faes Sian)

SO267310

Border stream (?) farm (meadow of Jane) (W)

Farmstead

Topography/ Administrative/ Personal name

 

 

Waun-goch

SO245314

Red meadow (W)

Barn

Land-use

 

9544

Waun-hengaer (Gwar rhenciau)

SO242323

Old fort meadow or moorland (back/ neck ?) (W)

Farmstead

Man-made feature

 

 

Waun-rydd (rhydd)

SO245335

Ford meadow (W)

Farmstead

Land-use/ Man-made feature

 

9413 20860 35854-35858

Weild (Weeld)

SO298258

Water? (W)

Farmstead

?

 

 

Wiral (Whirrall, Gwerell =Gwer lle)

SO297278

Shady place (W)

Farmstead

Location

 

 

Wiral nehat =Gwer lle

SO295282

Shady place (W)

Farmstead

Location

 

 

Wiral Wood =Gwer lle

SO293282

Shady place (W)

Wood

Location

 

 

Y Fferm = ffermdy

SO254313

The farmhouse (W)

Farmstead

Function

 

 

Yewtree Cottage

SO315234

Yew tree cottage (Mod E)

House

Vegetation

 

 

Ysgubor-newydd

?

New barn (W)

Farmstead

Function

 

 

 


 

Appendix 6: Potential sites for earthwork or geophysical survey

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Location

Grid Ref

Description

Condition

Recorded in SMR/ HER/ NMR

Visible

AP

Scheduled

Permission

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bugley field

SO291274

Possible site of sheepcote

Pasture/ livestock

N

Y

 

N

?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cwmyoy

SO299234

Medieval manorial infrastructure in or around modern settlement

Pasture/ livestock. Settlement

N

Y

 

N

Cwmyoy Farm?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cwmyoy

SO298228

Possible fish weir site

Pasture/ livestock, patchy tree cover

N

Y

 

N

Cwmyoy Farm - E bank Coed Farm - W bank?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cwmyoy

SO300228

Mill, leates

Pasture/ livestock, patchy tree cover

Y (400408) but no earthworks recorded

Y

 

N

Blaenyoy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Llanthony Priory

SO288278

Tithe Barn/ Outer Court/ Trackways

Pasture/ livestock

Y (306272), earthwork survey already carried out

Y

Y

Y

CADW/ Court Farm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Llanthony Priory

SO288277

Fishponds

Farm outhouses,camping field

Y (01732g), earthwork survey already carried out

Y

Y

Y

CADW/ Court Farm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Llanthony

SO286277

Mill ponds, leate etc

Pasture/ livestock, boggy ground, scrub

Y (01735g)

Y

Y

N

Mill Farm - spoke to farmer, ok to get access

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maerdy

SO247334

Possible grange site

Ruined farmstead. Pasture/ livestock, boggy ground

Y (9411, 9415)

Y

 

N

?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Neuaddlwyd

SO285252

Possible lynchets, building platforms and holloway

Pasture/ livestock, steep ground

N but no earthworks recorded

Y

 

N

Neuaddlwyd Farm

Olchon grange site

SO274328

Medieval grange site - possibly associated with Llanthony Priory

Extensive ruins. Rough pasture on steep and inaccessible hillside

N - but recent investigation and earthwork survey

Y

Y

N

?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oldcastle

SO325245

Medieval manorial infrastructure at modern farmstead. Earthwork mound fortified dwelling site?

Farmstead, scrub covered mound

Y (01603g)

Y

 

N

Oldcastle Court Farm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oldcastle mill

SO327238

Possible site of medieval mill and millponds

Pasture/ livestock, some boggy ground

N

Y

 

N

?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Redcastle/ The Castle

SO317236

Possible site of manorial or grange complex and church. Ruined enclosure and buildings.

Bracken on rough ground on top of ridge

N

Y

Y

N

National Park land

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stanton

SO312214

Medieval manorial infrastructure at modern farmstead

Farmstead, pasture/ livestock

Y (01614g) but no earthworks recorded

N

 

N

Stanton Manor Farm (farmer lives elsewhere; spoke to mother who lives there)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trewyn

SO329229

Site of medieval chapel and other visible earthworks

Parkland , pasture/ livestock

Y (01632g) earthwork survey now carried out

Y

 

N

Trewyn House and adjoining fields owned by Trewyn Farm






SI1: Documentary records of Llanthony Priory estates and holdings

 

The following is a summary of documentary records of the estates and holdings of the Priory, including their post-Dissolution ownership.

Note:

q       Holdings in the study area are indicated in bold italics .

q       Names are recorded in their modern form with contemporary forms in brackets where they differ.

q       Where a date is provided, this is the first recorded date of the estate or holding being granted to the Priory

q       ? indicates location not known, because there is no trace of this or a similar name on the modern and historic maps for the study area.

q       Historic county for each item indicated by *Monmouthshire, #Herefordshire, **Brecknockshire.

q       The extensive holdings in Ireland are excluded from this summary. 

 

Miscellaneous recorded grants of property and holdings to Llanthony Priory

(Bradney, 1907; Rhodes, 1989; www.cpat.org.uk/ )

 

Manor of Cwmyoy * granted to the Priory by Hugh de Lacey in c1108.

 

Cusop church # given to the Priory by Ranulp de Baskerville before 1141

 

Widemarshmoor manor #, Hereford 1147.

 

Manor of Foxley # given to the Priory by Ralph de Baskerville during the reign of Richard I.

 

Churches and tithes of Eardsley #, Yazor # and Stretton # granted to Priory by Ralph de Baskerville during the reign of Richard I.

 

Patronage of Brinsop # given to Priory in approx. 1350 by one of the Brunshope family.

 

Llanelieu Court ** set up as a monastic cell of Llanthony.

 

Monasticon Anglicanum – Sir William Dugdale (Rhodes, 1989)

 

Llanthony Prima priory and mill * 1108

Yarsop manor # 1155

Cwmyoy manor and Honddu fish-weirs * 1199

Eardisley church and lands # 1199

Stretton Sugwas chapel # 1199

Oldcastle manor * 1279
Redcastle manor * 1279

Llangorse lake, fishing rights ** 1287

Llancillo church # c1331

Clodock church # c1331

Walterstone manor # c1331

Cwmyoy church * c1331

 

Calendar of the Charter Rolls volume I, Edward I 1233

(Public Records Office, 1903)

 

“Grant to (the church of St Mary and St) John the Baptist, and the regular canons of Lantonay in Wales of divers grants, pursuant to a charter of King John (of 1199)” (Rotuli Chartarum, 7).

 

Calendar of the Charter Rolls volume II, Edward I 1284

(Public Records Office, 1906)

 

“Grant to the prior of Llanthony in Wales…of free warren in all his demesne lands in the vale of Llanthony * , Ewyas #, Canon Frome # and Falleye in South Wales”.

 

Taxatio Ecclesiastica 1291 – taxes paid by Llanthony Priory

(Ayscough, S and Caley, J 1802)

 

 

Translations by Rhodes (1989), Robinson (1980) record:

 

Holding

Ł

s.

d.

Llanthony Priory *

St Clodock  #

Cwmyoy *

Llanveynoe (Landefylion) #

Newton #

Brinsop chapel #

Kenderchurch (Kentestre) church and Howton meadows #

Stokesay, tithes (Shropshire)

Ullingswick, tithes #

Bishop’s Frome church and vicarage #

Eardisley (Erdesleye) church and vicarage #

Langaram church #

Orcop church #

St Kenedr church #

Stanton Lacy church and vicarage #

Weobley church and vicarage #

Yanefare church and vicarage ?

13

20

2

2

1

?

?

?

?

?

1

?

?

?

?

?

0

 

15

-

-

-

-

?

?

?

?

?

0

?

?

?

?

?

6

4

-

-

-

-

?

?

?

?

?

0

?

?

?

?

?

6

 

Calendar of the Charter Rolls volume III, Edward II 1325

(Public Records Office, 1908)

 

Confirmed earlier charter of Walter de Lacy (Lord of Ewyas 1189 – 1234):

“Walter de Lacy, son of Hugh de Lacy, gave to St. Mary and the church of St John the Baptist of Llanthony Prima and the canons there…all the valley in which the said church is situated to wit on the side of Kevencassec and Askaresweye and along the Ruggesweye up to Autefyn and on the side of Haterel from the land of Seisel son of Gilbert by the Ruggewey to the bounds of Talgarth…”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Valor Ecclesiasticus 1535 (Caley and Hunter, 1814)

 

 

Translations by Rhodes (1989, 2002), Robinson (1980):

 

Holdings administered from Llanthony-in Wales:

 

Eardisley church, rectory and land #

Tenement and a mill in Widemarsh Street, Hereford #

Llancillo church #

Llanveynoe, tithes of Olchon #

Clodock (Ewias Lacy) church and rectory #

Oldcourt church #

Newton church, rectory and manor #

Peterchurch, tithes of Snodhill #

Rowlestone church #

Walterstone church and rectory #

Yazor church #

Foxley manor #

Kenderchurch rectory #

Abergavenny, a tenement by the north gate *

St John the Baptist rectory *
Manor of Honddu Slade *
Cwmyoy church *
Oldcastle church and rectory *

Oldcastle manor *

Redcastle (Pentwyn) church and rectory *

Redcastle manor *

St Martins chapel, Trewyn *

Stanton manor *

 

Manors formerly of Llanthony-in-Wales, administered after 1481 from Llanthony-by-Gloucester:

Burghill #

Canon Frome #

Fawley in Fawnhope #

Llanwarne #

Stanton Lacy (Shropshire)

Widemarsh Moor in Hereford #

 

Value of the revenues of Llanthony Priory at the Dissolution

(Bradney, 1907)

 

Holding

Ł

s.

d.

Llanthony (Llanthonia), the site and demesne lands *

5

10

10

Cwmyoy (Comyowte), manor, etc. *

47

2

0

Cwmyoy (Comyowte), perquisites of court *

0

6

8

Stanton (Staunton in Guenth), rent of customary tenants *

2

7

4

Red Castle (Rebeum Castrum), manor with rectory *

5

10

0

Abergavenny, rent of tenants *

0

1

6

Oldcastle (Oldecastell), corn, etc. *

2

12

0

Oldcastle (Oldecastell)* and Walterstone #, farm of the rectory

0

17

6

Cwmyoy (Comyowte), St Martin * ; Ewyas Lacy, St Clodock (Cledock, Clydach) #; Tre-wyn, chapel of St Martin *# ; farm of tithes

12

0

4

Foxley, manor #

5

3

0

Newton , manor #

5

3

0

Howton (Houghton), farm of meadows #

0

6

2

Widemarsh Street (Widmarchstrete), Hereford, farm of tenement, mill etc. #

1

10

0

Eardisley (Edersley), farm of the rectory #

7

0

0

Oldcourt (Ouldecourte), farm of the rectory #

3

6

8

Rowlston (Rolleston)#, Llancillo (Llansilow) #, farm of the tithes

0

13

4

Newton , farm of the rectory #

0

13

4

Kenderchurch, farm of the rectory #

0

16

8

Pen-y-parc (Penparke), Snodhill (Snothill), part of the tithes #

1

15

0

Ffwyddog (Feotheck), part of the tithes *#

0

12

2

Whitewall, part of the tithes #

0

4

0

Olchon (Oulgham), part of the tithes #

1

5

8

Trewern in Ewyas Lacy, part of the tithes

1

3

4

Longa Villa in Ewyas Lacy, part of the tithes #

2

6

8

Nethersfield (Netherstfeld), part of the tithes #

1

10

4

Fossecombe in Ewyas Lacey, part of the tithes #

1

5

8

Burybarn in Ewyas Lacy, part of the tithes #

2

11

4

Trelandon in Ewyas Lacy, part of the tithes #

0

14

0

Over Brinsop and Nether Brinsop, part of the tithes #

1

17

4

Yazor, part of the tithes #

1

17

4

Stretton, part of the tithes #

0

7

0

 

 

 

 

Values of the temporalities and spiritualities

112

0

5

Reprises

12

1

Remaining of clear value

89

19

 

List of the lands of dissolved religious houses (List of Ministers Accounts Part II, Henry VII and Henry VIII)

 

Llanthony Prima (Lanthonia) and Cwmyoy (Comyowte) * 

   - Site of the priory or cell and lands

   - Watermill and cottage near the priory

Site of the manor of Cwmyoy (Comyowte) in Honddu Slade (Hetheneyslade) with demesne lands, tithes and rents of the manor. Perquisites of court *

Rents in Stanton (Staunton in Guenta – Gwent?) *

Manor and rectory of Redcastle (Rebeum Castrum) *

Tenement near the north gate of Abergavenny *

Site of the manor of Oldcastle (Oldecastell) and demesne lands *

Rectories of Oldcastle (Oldecastell) and Walterstone (Waterston) # with the chapel of Hailewen?

Rectories of the parish churches of St Martin in Cwmyoy (Comyowte) *, Clodock (St. Cleodoc in Ewyas Lacy) #, and the chapel of St. Martin in Trewyn *    

Manor of Foxley, perquisites of court #

Manor of Newton, perquisites of court #

Meadows of Howton (Houghton) #

Tenement and watermill in Widemarsh Street (Widmarchstrete), Hereford #

Rectories of Edersley #, Oldcourt (Oldecourte) #, Rowlestone (Rolleston) and Llancillo #, Newton # and Kenderchurch #

Portions of tithes in:

Pen-y-parc Snodhill (Penparke Snottill) #

Feothek ?

Whitewall #

Olchon (Oulgham) in Ewyas Lacy #

Trewern in Ewyas Lacy #

Longa Villa in Ewyas Lacy #

Nethersfield (Netherestfeld) #

Fossecombe in Ewyas Lacy #

Burybarne in Ewyas Lacy #

Trelandon in Ewyas Lacy #

Over Brinsop (Overbrinshop) #

Nether Brinsop (Netherbrinsop) #

Yazor #

Stretton #  

Grant by Henry VIII to Sir Nicholas Arnold on Dissolution, 1538

(Bradney, 1907)

 

Manors

 

Lordship and manor of Llanthony (Lanthonia) *

Lordship and manor of Cwmyoy *

Lordship and manor of Oldcastle (Oldecastle)*

Lordship and manor of Walterstone #

Lordship and manor of Newton #

Manor of Stanton (Staunton) *

Manor of Red Castle (Rubro Castro) *

 

Churches and chapels

 

Rectory and church of Oldcastle (Oldecastle)*

Rectory and church of Walterstone (Walterston) #

Rectory and church of Newton #

Rectory and church of Kenderchurch (Kendchurch) #

Rectory and church of Eardisley (Erdisley) #

Rectory and church of Overland #

Rectory and church of Netherland #

Rectory and church of Rowleston (Rouldstone) #

Rectory and church of Llancillo #

Rectory and church of St Martin in Cwmyoy *

Rectory of St Cattwg in Ewyas Lacy #

Chapel of St Martin in Tre-wyn (Trewin) *#

Rectory and church of Red Castle (Rubro Castro) *

Rectory and church of Capel-y-ffin **

 

Tithes

 

Pen-y-parc (Penpark) #

Ffwddog (ffothiog) *#

Whitewall (Whitwall)  #

Olchon (Olghon) #

Tre-wyn (Trewin)? *#

Longtown (Longa Villa) #

Nether Escley #

Ffoscomb #

Bury Barn and Trelandon (Bery Barn) #

Ewyas Lacy (Ewias Lacy) #

Brinsop (Brinsope) #

Nether Brinsope (Brinsope) #

Yazor and Stretton #

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Particulars of the sale of the lordship and manor of Tre-wyn, 1775

(Bradney, 1907)

 

 

Property

Acreage

Ł

s.

d.

Trewyn (Lower Trewyn)*#

Smith’s shop and house *#

Trewyn Farm (Upper Trewyn) *#

Mill and premises  *#

The Castle or Pentwyn fort? (Castle on top of the hill) *#

Penbidwal (Penbiddle) *

Werngounsel *

Pwll-y-wern *

Pentwyn *#

Total

Enclosed land of the lordship (demesne) *

Common *

Chief rents and casual services

135

-

73

14

 

4

201

84

37

71

622

310

74

180

3

30

40

 

2

80

30

13

18

413

 

 

10

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

10

0

10

 

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

 

Particulars of the sale of Cwmyoy, Llanthony and Llanvihangel estates, 1799 (Bradney, 1907)

 

It should be noted that the locations of a number of the farmsteads listed in the 1799 document have not been identified.

 

 

Property

Acreage

Ł

s.

d.

Manors

Cwmyoy *

Llanthony *

Stanton *

Redcastle *

Oldcastle *

Triley, manor, mill and rents *

Total:

 

 

 

 

 

 

4285

 

 

 

 

420

120

2278

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

Farms

Cwmyoy *

Oldcastle *

Total:

 

 

1956

 

 

27

 

 

1

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Perpetual curacies

Cwmyoy *

Capel-y-ffin **

Oldcastle *

Walterston #

Michaelchurch #

Rowlston #

Llancillo (Llansilow) #

Kenderchurch #

 

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Freehold estates in Llanfihangel

Llanfihangel Court *

Pen-y-dre *

Skirrid (Scyrrid) Fawr mountain and the Arwallt *

Pen-y-bont *

Queens Head Inn *

The Coal Pit *

Bryn-Arw *

177

129

 

332

124

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

Farms in Cwmyoy manor (12,000 acres)

Court Farm (Llanthony Court) and mill *

Great Llwygy (Llwygu) *

Little Llwygy (Pen-Llwygu) *

Tre-fedw *

Llwyn-celyn *

Gaer (Ty’r-gaer) *

Pen’r-heol *

Coed farm (Ty’n-y-coes) *

Neuadd *

Tyle (Tylau) *

Cwmyoy farm *

Perthi-crwn (Perth-y-con) *

And Ty-canol *

Blaenyoy (Blaen-yoy-fach) *

Pen-y-wern *

Slotog *

Pentre-bach *

Rhyd (Rhyd-ynow) *

And Noyaddllwyd (Neuadd-lwyd) *

Ty-canol *

Weild (Weeld) *

Meas-y-Beran *

Wirral (Whirrall) *

Graig-ddu (Creigiau-duon) *

260

117

13

240

148

17

6

 

200

97

159

 

138

45

55

6

3

36

 

100

133

111

28

42

132

45

1

110

70

6

4

 

65

30

150

 

70

15

30

5

4

25

 

46

50

56

14

17

0

0

15

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

4

0

 

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

0

 

Court Farm (Llanthony Court) and mill *

Great Llwygy (Llwygu) *

Little Llwygy (Pen-Llwygu) *

Tre-fedw *

Llwyn-celyn *

Gaer (Ty’r-gaer) *

Pen’r-heol *

Coed farm (Ty’n-y-coes) *

Neuadd *

Tyle (Tylau) *

Cwmyoy farm *

Perthi-crwn (Perth-y-con) *

And Ty-canol *

Blaenyoy (Blaen-yoy-fach) *

Pen-y-wern *

Slotog *

Pentre-bach *

Rhyd (Rhyd-ynow) *

And Noyaddllwyd (Neuadd-lwyd) *

Ty-canol *

Weild (Weeld) *

Meas-y-Beran *

Wirral (Whirrall) *

Graig-ddu (Creigiau-duon) *

260

117

13

240

148

17

6

 

200

97

159

 

138

45

55

6

3

36

 

100

133

111

28

42

132

45

1

110

70

6

4

 

65

30

150

 

70

15

30

5

4

25

 

46

50

56

14

17

0

0

15

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

4

0

 

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

0

Troed-rhiw-mon (Troed-rhiw-maen) *

Dyer’s mill and small farm near Llanthony mill *

? Cae Howel *

Gunter’s *

? (near Wiral?) Dinas Arthur *

And Ty’n-y-wern *

Cyttre (Cuttrey) *

And Dol Alice (Dolau) *

Maes-y-ffin (Maes-y-felin) *

 

59

 

39

15

9

18

 

48

 

38

20

 

20

9

8

8

 

21

 

15

0

 

0

6

0

0

 

0

 

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

0

 

0

 

 

Farms in Cwmyoy manor let on leases for life (i.e. life tenancies)

Ty’r-onnen *

Vision (Ty’n-y-coed) *

Ty-canol *

Ty-isaf *

Llyn-on (Steven’s land) *

? John Powell *

Ty-bach *

Sible Perrot *

Ty’n-y-drain **

? Cae’r-dringol **

Troed-rhiw-glas *

Ty-hwnt *

Trevelog (Tafolog) *

Pen-beili-glas *

? Caer-waen *

Pen-llinau (Pen-lan) *

Deri-duon *

Sychtre (Sychdre-usaf) *

Sychdre-isaf) *

Troed-y-rhiw-groes *

Pen-y-worlod *

Dol-gilbert *

Saunders land *

Pen-castell *

Nant-y-carn *

Ty-cwm (Nef) *

Heol-y-parc *
Nant-y-gwyddel *

? Tylau *

Loxidge (Loxid) *

Siarpal *

A cottage*

Wiral (Whirral) *

Ty-isan (Ty-isaf) *

?Ty-uchaf *

Sunny bank (Gwain-llydan) *

?Cae-brink *

Graig-ddu *

Footway *

Ty-draw *

Troed-rhiw-wen (hen) *

Hwlwm (Yr heol-lwm) *

Ysgubor-newydd and smith’s shop *

Upper Henllan (Hen-llan) *

Henllan-uchaf *

Lower Henllan *

Coed-y-cerrig *

? A house on the Gaer *

 

 

 

 

 

 

19

99

21

38

50

47

6

26

 

17

23

52

49

19

23

23

11

16

21

1

32

6

25

7

40

26

18

66

2

2

61

0

6

47

28

8

2

25

52

14

52

9

33

56

38

43

36

26

5

 

 

 

 

0

2

0

0

2

6

0

0

 

0

0

2

7

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

2

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

 

2

0

2

9

0

10

1

4

 

2

10

0

10

10

10

4

2

2

2

1

10

1

4

1

8

1

8

0

1

5

17

5

1

6

8

1

1

3

6

6

6

1

10

10

9

10

2

4

1

 

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

10

 

2

0

0

0

0

0

4

0

10

2

0

1

4

4

4

0

0

0

0

0

0

10

0

0

0

6

6

0

0

6

0

6

0

0

0

6

0

2

0

0

 

 

Ditto

Ditto

? Hendy on Hattrel Hill *

Pont-Rhys-Powell *

Ty Charles *

Blaen-yoy-fawr *

? (near Ty Charles?) Tir-serth *

Ty-hwnt-y-bwlch *

? Pen-y-pistyll *

Daren-isaf (The Darren) *

? Llygad-yw *

Pentre-bach *

The Birches (The Fedw) *

Daren-uchaf (The Darren) *

Troed-rhiw-gou *

Rhyd-rwnw *

Daren-ganol (The Darren) *

Woods *

 

11

25

1

6

28

46

8

45

0.3

35

9

22

40

35

62

40

21

327

 

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

3

5

1

2

12

2

19

1

9

 

6

4

4

11

10

2

0

6

0

0

0

8

0

10

0

0

 

6

4

4

10

6

2

Farms in Oldcastle manor

Oldcastle Court (The Court) *

Glandwr (Landwr) *
Ty-canol *
NantyMair *
Lower Clydd (Clydd-isaf) *
Stanton meadow *

 

337

42

60

108

61

7

236

52

25

57

36

13

0

10

0

0

0

13

0

0

0

0

0

0

Farms in Oldcastle manor let on leases for life (i.e. life tenancies)

Upper Clydd (Clydd-uchaf) *

Pen-y-worlod *
Pen-yr-heol *
Erw-serth *

64

66

8

3

0

0

0

0

12

15

3

4

0

3

0

0

 

 

 

Llanthony Estate (Tithe Apportionment Schedules)

 

 

Cwmyoy (Lower and Upper), 1852

 

Total land owned by Reverend Landor (Llanthony Estate) = 3369 acres

Total land in cultivation in Cwmyoy Parish = 4492 acres

 


 



SI2: Glossary of ‘topographical’ and other Welsh words in place and landscape feature names

(After Coxe, 1801; Davies, 1967; Davies, undated; Knight, undated; Lewis, 1849; Lewis, 1960; Mee, 1951; Owen, 1998; Wade, 1909)

 

Aber confluence, moutb of river, smaller body of water in larger e.g. stream into river

Ach,Uch or Uwch upper, above, higher

Ael edge of a place

Afon or Avon stream, river

Allt or Gallt coppice, wood, woody cliff, steep ascent, side of hill

Ar upon

Aw water

Bach or Fach little, small

Ban or Bann high, tall, lofty

Bant hollow, sinking in the ground, valley

Bedwen, Bedw or Fedw birch tree(s)

Beili bailiff

Bettws place of moderate temperature between hill and vale, related to a monastery (derived from Latin Abbatis?)

Beudy cow-house

Blaen or Blaenau end, head of valley, source of a river, highland country

Bôd abode, dwelling, habitation

Bre hill, promontory or peak

Bręch or Brach spot, spotted

Briw broken, rough

Bro a country, a vale, cultivated land

Bron breast, slope of a hill

Bryn mount, hill

Bu cow, ox, cattle

Bugail shepherd or herdsman

Bwa bow

Bwch buck

Bwlch pass

Bychan little

Byddin band or troop, army

Byrr or Pyr lord

Cadarn strong, powerful

Câd Nant stream, or the glen of the battle

Crannel or Grannell river from Gran, shelving or precipitous

Cregrina or Cruginfa from Crugyn, small knoll and Fa, place

Craig or Graig rock, crag

Croes or Crwys or Groes cross

Crűg knoll, tump, mount, barrow, heap of stones and of earth, fortified mount

Crwn round

lovely or pleasant

Cwar quarry

Cwm valley, dale

Cwysau furrows

Cyd with, junction

Cylch circle, circuit

Cyll or Gyll hazel-trees

Cymmer confluence of rivers Dan under, below

Darn piece

Darren rocky hillside or precipice

Dau two

Dę or Dehau south

Degar ten acres

Derw oak

Dewi St David

Din or Dinas fortified place or hill, city

Discoed or Is Coed beneath the wood

Dol meadow

Draenen wood

Drain thorns

Dringal sorrel

Dringo or Dringad climb

Du or Ddu black, dark

Dwfr or Dwr water

Dwyer two acres

Dy see Ty

Dyfroedd waters

Dyffryn or Dyfr Hynt course of the waters

Dylwyf fire-wood, fuel

Dylif overflowing, flood

Efengyl gospel

Eglwys church

Eithin gorse, furze

Goch see Coch

Graban corn marigold, vineyard

Graig see Craig

Grannel see Crannell

Groes see Croes

Grwn murmuring

Gwaelod bottom

Gwald border

Gwar neck, back

Gwâr mild, gentle

Gwartheg cows

Gwastadedd plain

Gwaun, Gweirlodd or Waun meadowland, down, moorland

Gwedd an aspect

Gwely landholding system on upland areas based on hereditary family group

Gwen or Wen white, fair, pleasant

Gwern or Wern swamp, watery meadow, alder tree

Gwill swift

Gwiwer squirrel

Gwrth against, opposite, by, close to

Gwydd underwood

Gwyllt wild, untamed, savage

Gwyn, Gwen or Wyn white, fair, clear

Gyll see Cyll

Hâf summer

Hâfod summer dwelling

Helygen willow or sallow tree

Hen old, ancient

Heol road

Hir long

Hon easy, pleasant, quiet

Hwnt beyond, away, aside

Hynt journey, way, course

Is beneath, lower, inferior

Isaf or Isa lower, lowest

Le or Lle place

Llan sacred clearing, church, enclosure, village, meeting place Llannerch glade

Llawr ground, floor of a building, the earth

Llęch slate, flag, broad flat stone

Onnen ash-tree

Onn plural

Or border, the edge, the coast

Pawl pole, pale, stake; also Paul

Pabell tent, pavilion: Pebyll plural

Parc park, field

Pant see Bant

Pedeirer four acres

Pen top, summit, end, head, promontory

Penial capital, chief

Pentre village

Perthi hedges, bushes

Pill creek

Plwyf people, the common people anciently; parish

Poeth burnt

Pont bridge

Porth gate, door, haven

Prysg copse, underwood

Pumer or Pimar five acres

Pwyll ditch, pool, pit

Rag or Rhag commanding

Rhaiadr cataract

Rhiain maiden, virgin

Rhiw slope, ascent, side of hill

Rhodwydd open course

Rhos upland pasture, moorland, moist large plain, marsh

Rhűdd red, ruddy

Rhyd ford

Rhydd free, at liberty Bôd Rhydd freehold

Rhyn mountain, hill or promontory: Rhynion plural

Sant saint

Sarn causeway, pavement

Scgbor or Scybor see Ysgubor

Serth steep

Sether or Sithar seven acres

Steni see Ystany

Stow settlement

Swydd lordship, office, service with respect to tenure, jurisdiction, shire

Sych dry

Ynn see Onn

Ynys island, rising ground

Ys below

Ysceifiog hunting-ground

Ysgubor barn, granary

Ysgwyd shield, buckler

Ysgwydd shoulder

Yspytty hospital, almshouse

Ystan spreading

Ystrad vale, street or paved way

Ystum situation, figure, bending

Ywen or Yw yew-tree(s)

Cae or Gae field, hedge, enclosure

Caer or Gaer wall or mound for defence, fort, city

Cain white, beautiful

Calch lime

Cam or Gam crooked, bent

Canol or Ganol middle

Cantref a hundred of a shire; a district consisting originally of a hundred dwellings; from Cant, a hundred, and Tręf, a habitation

Capel or Cappel chapel

Carnau cairn

Carreg or Cerrig stone or stones

Carw hart or stag

Carog brook

Castell or Gastell castle

Cefn or Gefn ridge, back, promontory

Ceiliog or Geiliog cock

Cell cell, grove

Celli grove, wood, coppice of hazel-trees

Celyn holly

Chwarel quarry

Chwecher or Whecher six acres

Ci or Cwn dog, hound

Cil or Gil retreat

Clâs cloister, pre-Norman religious house

Clawdd or Glawdd dyke, trench, bank, fence

Clegyrog rocky, rugged

Clydogau sheltered places

Clydach rocky stream

Cnup lump, knob

Coch red

Coed or Goed wood

Collwyn grove, coppice of hazel-trees

Cornel corner

Cors marsh, bog

Enwyn buttermilk

Erw acre

Esgob bishop

Fâ, Fan or Man place

Fach see Bach

Faes or Maes field, meadow, ploughland

Fain or Main boulder, stone or long, narrow

Fair or Mair St Mary

Fan peak

Fawr or Mawr great

Fedw see Bedw

Ffermdy farmhouse

Ffraed St Bride, Bridget

Ffîn boundary, limit

Ffordd way, passage, road

Ffynnon fountain, spring, well

Figen or Fign or Migen or Mign mire, mossy mountain, bog

Fihangel or Mihangel the angel Michael

Foel bare-topped hill

Fron hillside

Fynydd or Mynydd mountain

Gae see Cae

Gaer see Caer

Gallt see Allt

Gam see Cam

Ganol see Canol

Garn cairn or pile of stones

Garth hill, ridge, promontory, close, enclosure

Garw through, course

Gastell see Castell

Gefn see Cefn

Geiliog see Ceiliog

Genau mouth, pass between hills

Gil see Cil

Glŕn bank of a river, sea-shore, also a hill

Glas green, verdant, blue, grey

Glawdd see Clawdd

Glyn glen, valley

Goed see Coed

Gôf smith

Llechwedd or Llethyr side of a hill,

steep ascent or descent, cliff

Lleidr or Llandron robber, thief

Llwyd grey, hoary, brown

Llwydog of a grey colour

Llwyn or Llewyn bush, wood or grove

Llyn lake, pool

Llyr sea, water

Llys court, hall, palace

Mâb child, boy, son

Mach high ridge, place of defence

Madoc or Madog good, righteous

Maenor manor

Main or Maen see Fain

Mair see Fair

Maes see Faes

Mall bad, rotten, quaggy

Mamog ewe with lambs

Man see Fa

Manachlog monastery or abbey

Mawr see Fawr

Mędd mead

Męl honey

Melin mill

Merthyr martyr

Migen or Mign see Figen

Mihangel see Fihangel

Moel bald, lofty hill without any wood growing upon it

Mond or Monad isolated situation

Mwnt mound

Mynach, Monach or Manach monk

Mynydd see Fynydd

Mynys (probably Am Ynys) about the rising ground

Nant brook, river; a ravine, glen, or hollow formed by water

Nawar nine acres

Neuadd hall, mansion

Nawdd refuge, sanctuary

Newydd new, fresh

Ôd snow

Odyn kiln or furnace

Offeiriad priest

Tafarn inn

Tafolog place of dock leaves

Tal side, end, head, front

Tarren rock

Teirer or Tirer three acres

Telyn harp

Tîr earth, land, territory

Tor projection

Traws across, cross-wise

Tre or Tref homestead, house, township, hamlet, village

Troed foot of a hill, leg

Trwyn nose, snout

Twmpath mound

Twr tower

Twyn knoll, hillock

Ty house

Tyddynau cluster of homesteads

Tyle hillside

Tyn small farm or cottage Uch or Ucha or Uchaf or Uwch see Ach

Uchâf highest

Uchel lofty

Uwch upper, higher, above

Waun see Gwaun

Wedd see Gwedd

Wel well

Wen see Gwen

Wern see Gwern

Wirlod, Worlod or Wyrlod meadow

Withar or Wyther eight acres

Wrach old woman, hag

Wrth see Gwrth

Wy water

Wych cheerful, neat, brave

Wyl flow, gushing out

Wyllt see Gwyllt

Wyn see Gwyn

Wynt wind

Y or Yr the, of, or, on the

Ych ox or see Uwch

Yfed to drink; moist, damp

Ym in, by

Yn in, at

 

 

 

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